The Stigma of Stuttering (Ep. 440 )

stuttering, StutterTalk

Michael Boyle, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Michael P. Boyle, Ph.D., CCC-SLP joins Peter Reitzes to discuss the stigma of stuttering.

StutterTalk is excited to announce that this StutterTalk episode or course will be available for 0.10 CEUs for approximately six months, free of charge, through the National Stuttering Association. For complete details regarding the continuing education units being offered by the National Stuttering Association, go to the National Stuttering Association’s CEU page.

stuttering

Take the CEU Test Here. (expired August 4, 2014)

Show/Course Notes:

Title: The Stigma of Stuttering

Learner Outcomes: At the conclusion of the program, the learner shall be able to:

  1. Describe the conceptualizations of stigma as being both public and internalized.
  2. Summarize the relevant research that supports the notion that people who stutter experience both public and self-stigma.
  3. Identify different strategies that could be used by professionals to identify and potentially reduce public and self-stigma associated with stuttering.

Presenter Bio — Michael Boyle, Ph.D., CCC-SLP  is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Oklahoma State University where he teaches graduate courses in fluency disorders and research methods. His research focuses on identifying factors that predict both resilience and coping and adjustment difficulties related to stuttering. Particular psychosocial variables of interest include stigma, bullying, and attribution. Dr. Boyle is also very interested in the development of interventions that address stigma reduction and improved well-being in individuals who stutter. 

Episode/Course Description:

This presentation will have several objectives including 1) to familiarize the listener with various conceptualizations, definitions, and components of stigmas, 2) to present empirical support for the notion that stuttering is a stigmatized disorder, and that it can be internalized to the detriment of well-being in people who stutter, 3) to discuss ways for clinicians and researchers to assess stigma related to stuttering in members of the public, as well as in clients themselves, and 4) to become familiar with potential ways of reducing both public and internalized stigma in individuals who stutter. The goal for the presentation is for speech-language pathologists to gain an understanding of the psychosocial challenges related to stigma that people who stutter can experience. In addition, professionals will learn ways to measure stigma in people who stutter, and become familiar with potential strategies to reduce both internalized and public stigma for their clients.

References:

  • Blood, G. W., Blood, I. M., Tellis, G. M., & Gabel, R. M. (2003). A preliminary study of self-esteem, stigma, and disclosure in adolescents who stutter, Journal of Fluency Disorders, 28, 143-158.
  • Boyle, M. P. (2013). Assessment of stigma associated with stuttering: Development and evaluation of the Self-Stigma of Stuttering Scale (4S). Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 56, 1517-1529.
  • Boyle, M.P., Blood, G.W., & Blood, I.M. (2009). Effects of perceived causality on perceptions of persons who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 34, 201-218.
  • Gabel, R.M., Blood, G.W., Tellis, G.M., & Althouse, M.T. (2004). Measuring role entrapment of people who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 29, 27-49.
  • Guntupalli, V.K., Kalinowski, J., Nanjundeswaran, C., Saltuklaroglu, T., & Everhart, D.E. (2006). Psychophysiological responses of adults who do not stutter while listening to stuttering. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 62, 1-8.
  • Hughes, S., Gabel, R., Irani, F., & Schlagheck, A. (2010). University students’ explanations for their descriptions of people who stutter: An exploratory mixed model study. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 35, 280-298.
  • Hurst, M.A., & Cooper, E.B. (1983). Employer attitudes toward stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 8, 1-12.
  • Irani, F., Gabel, R., Hughes, S., Swartz, E.R., & Palasik, S.T. (2009). Role entrapment of people who stutter reported by K-12 teachers. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders, 36, 48-56.
  • Kalinowski, J., Stuart, A., & Armson, J. (1996). Perceptions of stutterers and nonstutterers during speaking and nonspeaking situations. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 5, 61-67.
  • Lass, N.J., Ruscello, D.M., Pannbacker, M., Schmitt, J.F., Everly-Myers, D.S. (1989). Speech-language pathologists’ perceptions of child and adult female and male stutterers. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 14, 127-134.
  • MacKinnon, S.P., Hall, S., & MacIntyre, P.D. (2007). Origins of the stuttering stereotype: Stereotype formation through anchoring–adjustment. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 32, 297-309.
  • Silverman, F.H., & Paynter, K.K. (1990). Impact of stuttering on perception of occupational competence. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 15, 87-91.
  • St. Louis, K.O. (2012). Research and development on a public attitude instrument for stuttering. Journal of Communication Disorders, 45, 129-146.